IOM Crisis Response Plan: Large Movements of Highly Vulnerable Migrants to the Americas from the Caribbean, Latin America and Other Regions, August 2021 — July 2022 (published October 08, 2021) – World

IOM appeals for $ 74.7 million to provide humanitarian assistance to highly vulnerable migrants in transit in the Americas

San José / Buenos Aires – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) appeals for $ 74.7 million to address the humanitarian needs of the growing number of vulnerable migrants coming from the Caribbean and South America, then crossing the ‘Central America to Mexico and the United States. These very vulnerable migrants are mainly Haitian nationals, but also Cubans, Brazilians and Chileans. Others are nationals of Asia and Africa.

So far this year, more than 100,000 migrants have irregularly crossed the perilous jungle of Darien Gap to Panama from Colombia after traveling through several South American countries. The figure for the first nine months of 2021 triples the previous record of 30,000 on the same route throughout 2016. From Panama, migrants continue north on a particularly dangerous journey for women and children.

Directors of IOM’s regional offices in San José and Buenos Aires said the more than 200,000 Haitians who had already settled in Argentina, Brazil and Chile after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti were also over and more vulnerable.

The deteriorating socio-economic conditions, the tightening of visa regulations, the difficulties in obtaining information and documents to regularize their status, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and growing xenophobia, among other factors , have deeply affected the well-being of the Haitian community in these countries and reduced the possibilities of integration.

“The large influxes of Haitians, Cubans and migrants of other nationalities have also strained the capacities of many host and transit countries, some of which have become hotbeds of increasing incidents of xenophobia and violence.

Funding is needed to provide life-saving assistance and to tackle some of the drivers of mobility, as well as the impact on 75,000 members of migrant, host and transit communities. Assistance would include food, clothing, health services and psychosocial support, safe shelters and protection for victims and those at risk of gender-based violence and human trafficking.

The call also aims to establish region-wide migration monitoring systems, alert migrants of upcoming dangers, such as trafficking and smuggling, and initiate community reintegration. Minimizing protection risks through awareness-raising and social inclusion, working with authorities to strengthen the management of these flows and tackling the longer-term drivers and impacts of crises and displacement are also key objectives. .

IOM’s appeal also aims to provide humanitarian assistance to transport. In Brazil, for example, stranded migrants often need help to return to their former host communities. In other countries, migrants may need assistance in reaching designated temporary accommodation centers. IOM would cover the needs when the authorities demanded it.

As returns to Haiti continue, the funding request also includes post-arrival humanitarian assistance, including improved reception facilities at the two international airports in Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haitien. IOM is also working closely with partners in Haiti on long-term community stabilization, targeting areas prone to migration and including a reintegration plan to prevent repeated irregular migration patterns.

The call will cover activities in 14 countries of origin, transit and destination: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and Peru. The appeal is not broken down by country as the situation remains very fluid and calls on donors to provide flexible funding based on Grand Bargain commitments.

Read the details of the call here.

IOM’s Global Crisis Response Platform provides an overview of IOM’s plans and funding needs to meet the evolving needs and aspirations of those affected or threatened by crisis and displacement in 2021 and beyond. of the. The Platform is regularly updated as crises evolve and new situations emerge.

For more information, please contact Jorge Gallo at the IOM Regional Office in San José, E-mail: [email protected], Tel. : +506 7203 6536, or Juliana Quintero at the IOM Regional Office in Buenos Aires, E-mail: [email protected], Tel. : +54 9 11 3248 8134.-

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