Historical relics in Xinjiang Museum show cultural exchanges, integration process since ancient times

BEIJING, July 18, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Known as the “Western Regions” in antiquity, northwest china The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is located on the famous “Silk Road” which linked the ancient China with the rest of the world, making it a gathering point for different civilizations.

The Xinjiang Museum is an art palace that collects the historical and cultural artifacts of Xinjiang and introduces the unique cultural characteristics of the region. While visiting the museum on Wednesday, Chinese President Xi Jinping stressed that Chinese civilization is vast and deep, has a long history dating back to ancient times, and is composed of outstanding cultures from all its ethnic groups.

He added that we should make full and effective use of historical facts, archaeological objects and cultural heritage on exchanges between different ethnic groups in Xinjiang, to prove that this region, inhabited by many ethnic groups, is an integral part of China since ancient times, and that various ethnic groups in Xinjiang have been important members of the great Chinese family in happiness and misfortune.
By opening the door of the museum, we can start a cultural journey and appreciate the flowers of different civilizations that bloom in Xinjiang.

Xi says:

We must promote integration between people of all ethnic groups in all fields such as culture, economy, society and psychology so that they are closely united like the seeds of a pomegranate sticking together.

All ethnic cultures in Xinjiang have their roots in Chinese civilization.

Chinese civilization is vast and deep, and has a long history dating back to ancient times. It is the cultural identity of the Chinese nation, the foundation of contemporary Chinese culture, the cultural bond uniting all Chinese people around the world, and it is the treasure that inspires cultural innovation.

Source: Xinhua

The Xinjiang Museum

  • The total construction area of ​​the museum is about 49,600 square meters
  • It contains more than 50,000 objects of various relics and cultural specimens, including textiles and colored drawing clay figurines.
  • Collections include nearly 400 top-notch national cultural relics

Central Plains culture

Painting of Fuxi and Nüwa

Tang dynasty (618-907), city of Turpan

Fuxi and Nüwa’s silk painting was done in four colors, white, red, yellow and black.

A culture hero in Chinese legend, Fuxi, is on the right and his sister and wife, Nüwa, who is credited with creating mankind, is on the left. The worship of these two ancestors in the legend was started by Chinese people living in the Central Plains regions, and the discovery of the painting proves that such cultural symbols spread to Xinjiang in ancient times.

Seal of the Han Dynasty State Agency for Managing Agriculture

Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220), Taklimakan Desert

The seal of Sihefu (literally: seal of the Han Dynasty state agency responsible for managing agriculture) was discovered in 1959 near the Taklimakan Desert in Xinjiang.

The seal, two centimeters long on each side and just 1.6 centimeters high, shows four Chinese characters, proving that the central government of the Han dynasty (206BC-AD220) commissioned a state agency to plow the land agriculture in the region.

This is a demonstration that the Han government exercised effective jurisdiction over the western regions [the regions west of Yumen Pass]indicating that Xinjiang has been an integral part of Chinese territory since ancient times.

Cultural integration

‘Five Stars Rise in the East’ Arm Protector (Wuxing Chu Dongfang Li Zhongguo)

Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220), Taklimakan Desert

The Han dynasty “Five Star Rise in the East” was a brocaded arm guard used by the ancients to protect themselves when shooting arrows. Discovered in the ruins of Niya in Xinjiang, it was a great discovery in Chinese archeology because it was knitted with five clear characters which depict “five stars rise to help China“proving that Chinese culture was already a symbol of belief for China western region thousands of years ago. In addition to its significant symbolic value, even after many years, the multicolored knitted artifact still showed woven brocade designs in the form of clouds and birds, as well as the five mythical Chinese astrological terms, believed to bring to the country success and luck. especially when participating in military activities by the ancient Chinese. Researchers also believe that the relic came from the Shu region in southwest china. It represents the best brocade making skills of the time.

Color painted wooden pavilion model

Tang dynasty (618-907), city of Turpan

The 20-centimeter color-painted wooden pavilion model demonstrates the influence of China’s Central Plains architectural expertise on China western region in a context of cultural, political and economic exchanges, and that these exchanges were in full swing under the Tang dynasty. The pavilion model incorporates the classic Chinese wooden architecture design of the Dougong structure that can still be seen on the buildings of the Forbidden City in beijing. It has a red painted surface and a white base with beautifully painted cloud patterns in blue, green and red.

Wooden figurine ‘Heaven King Stepping Ghost’

Tang dynasty (618-907), city of Turpan

The wooden figure is an embodiment of the famous Tang colorful paintings with China western regional cultural aesthetics.

The “Heaven King” action figure has vivid characters like his mustache, the peony flower painted on his armor, and his clothing style that portray classic Tang aesthetics. But, it also bears artistic details from the western region of China such as its cuff patterns. The figurine was believed to ward off evil and was ingeniously crafted from over 30 carved wooden components – the smallest being the figurine’s teeth – which fit together.

Culture of ethnic minorities in Xinjiang

Female Mummified Corpse – The Princesses of Xiaohe

3,800 years ago, Lop Nor region

Standing 152 centimeters tall, with fair skin and linen-colored hair, the mummified female corpse from the Lop Nor region of Xinjiang has been named “The Princesses of Xiaohe”. DNA tests on bones and teeth later showed that the beautifully smiling female, as well as other members of the mummified group discovered with her, had both Eastern and European DNA characteristics, evidence of exchanges between Xinjiang and Europe over 3,800 years ago.

‘Maytri Simit’ in the old Uyghur script – Huihu dialect

8th to 9th century, city of Turpan

Stage plays were a popular form of entertainment in the Turpan region of Xinjiang from the 9th to the 10th centuries. Among them was the most famous Maytri Simit, a play written in the Huihu dialect [an old Uygur script].

The Maytri Simit is a script that narrates the life and deeds of Buddha Maitreya. It is academically considered the first game scenario through China.

SOURCE World Time

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