By Julie Tomascik
Cotton is expected to see an increase in planted acreage in 2022, according to a survey released by the National Cotton Council (NCC).
The NCC’s 41st annual survey of early season planting intentions showed that U.S. cotton growers plan to plant 12 million acres of cotton this spring, a 7.9% increase from 2021.
“The acreage planted is just one of the factors that will determine the supply of cotton and cottonseed,” said Dr. Jody Campiche, vice president of economic and policy analysis at NCC. “Ultimately, weather and agronomic conditions are among the factors that play a significant role in determining crop size.”
Upland cotton growers plan to plant 11.9 million acres, up 7.% from 2021, while extra-long staple (ELS) cotton growers reported an increase of 158 000 acres, up 24.8%.
Using the 10-year average abandonment rate for each state, cotton belt harvested acreage totals 9.8 million acres for 2022 with an 18.9% US abandonment rate. Using the five-year state-level average yield per harvested acre yields a cotton crop of 17.3 million bales, with 16.8 million bales of upland and 438,000 bales of ELS, according to NCC.
Southwest producers, which include Texas, Kansas and Oklahoma, aim to increase cotton acreage by 7% to 7.4 million acres.
NCC noted that each of the three states planned to increase cotton acreage, with Kansas increasing by 15.2%, Oklahoma increasing by 5.6% and Texas calling for a 6.9% increase. The responses indicate a shift from sorghum to cotton, with farmers in Texas also planting less wheat.
ELS acreage is expected to increase 24.8% in 2022 to 158,000 acres. NCC notes that the trend is likely due to the all-time highs seen in ELS cotton prices.
Respondents reported an increase in ELS of 30.4% in California, 16.3% in Texas, 11% in New Mexico and 5.9% in Arizona.
“History has shown that American farmers react to relative prices when making planting decisions,” Campiche said. “Compared to average futures prices during the first quarter of 2021, prices for all commodities are trading significantly higher. However, input costs are also significantly higher than at the same time. last year.
Surveys were mailed in mid-December 2021 to cottonbelt farmers in 17 states, asking farmers how many acres will be planted to cotton and other crops in 2022. Responses to the survey were collected until mid-January.
The NCC survey is a snapshot of intentions based on market conditions at the time of the survey, with actual plantings influenced by changing market and weather conditions. Farmers will continue to monitor commodity price developments and input costs before finalizing their acreage decisions for 2022.
Click here for a complete overview of the 12 million acres earmarked for cotton in the United States this year.