Regional Integration

Obstacles to Big Four Globalization

Periodically, the Big Four accounting firms try to honor their rhetoric about being global brands. The latest is EY, which creates a new Western Europe region covering 25 countries, including Germany and France (but not the UK). The aim is to reduce costs, share growth opportunities and simulate the full …

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Exposure of supply and demand across global value chains: Euro-Mediterranean countries during COVID – Ayadi – – The global economy

This article attempts to examine how the COVID-19 shock affects different countries through their regional integration and exposure to global value chains (GVCs). Using input-output tables (EORA 2016), our contribution is threefold. First, based on Pahl et al. (2021), we conceptually revise the approaches to analyze input-output relationships. We emphasize …

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