Regional Integration – RR Reading Fri, 30 Sep 2022 04:17:44 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Regional Integration – RR Reading 32 32 State of Gender Equality and Climate Change in South Asia and the Hindu Kush Himalayas – Afghanistan Fri, 30 Sep 2022 04:01:57 +0000


Report sheds light on gender dimensions of climate change in the region

ICIMOD, UN Women and UNEP launch report on the state of gender equality and climate change in South Asia and the Hindu Kush Himalayas

Lalitpur, 29 September 2022: The International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), UN Women and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) have launched a report on “The State of Gender Equality and climate change in South Asia and the Hindu Kush Himalayan region” here today. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the gender dimensions of climate change in three key climate-affected agriculture, water and energy sectors in ten countries – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Maldives, Myanmar , Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Lanka – in South Asia and the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH).

South Asia and the HKH are among the regions most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, with compounded impacts becoming more evident in the scale and increased incidence of climate-related disasters in recent years. The report finds that climate change can deepen pre-existing social and gender inequalities. In her opening remarks, Izabella Koziell, Deputy Director General of ICIMOD, said: “We all have a very important role to play in making the voices of girls, women and other marginalized groups heard so that actions are real and progress is tangible. .”

Climate change has the potential to widen existing gender gaps, primarily due to women’s limited access, control and ownership over resources, participation in decision-making and freedom of choice that are determined by patriarchal values ​​and overriding social norms in the region. The report highlights the need to address these gender-based vulnerabilities and recognize the prevalence of patriarchal systems that constrain women’s role and agency in adaptation and mitigation in most countries in South Asia and Hong Kong. Kong. In addition to gender inequality, climate change has also exacerbated problems of food insecurity and poverty – some of the root causes of growing vulnerability to climate change.

The report reviewed policies in South Asia and Hong Kong countries related to gender equality and climate. All ten countries in these regions are transitioning to low-emission development pathways that integrate mitigation and adaptation solutions across all sectors, including water, energy and agriculture, and have pledged to limit global warming to 1.5°C and achieve net zero emissions by the middle. of the century. Although climate change is a central agenda, the report finds inadequate integration of gender concerns into climate change policies, laws, institutional frameworks and sectoral policies and programs – and failure to implement sound policies in principle. “To move from commitment to effective implementation, countries need evidence, data and support to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and achieve gender equality in the context of climate change. “, underlined Mozaharul Alam, Regional Coordinator, Asia Climate Change and Pacific Office, UNEP.

The report suggests using existing regional platforms and creating new ones for cross-country learning and sharing of best practices related to gender-responsive climate policies and initiatives. Important regional platforms such as the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) can be used effectively to promote inclusive development and combat social and gender inequalities in order to achieve climate resilience. In the region.

Based on the findings, the report offers recommendations and guidelines at the national level to effectively mainstream gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) concerns to address differential vulnerabilities in a changing climate. The assessment also offers sectoral recommendations for integrating GESI into policies and implementation in the agriculture, water and energy sectors. Maria Holtsberg, Deputy Regional Director and Head of UN Women, hopes that “the report will serve as a guide for developing innovative solutions and reimagining a future that puts women and the most marginalized groups at the center of their concerns, drawing on their knowledge. , capacities and aspirations.

The report was developed as part of the EmPower – Women for Climate Resilient Societies project jointly implemented by UN Women and UNEP and funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).

For more information, please contact:

ICIMOD: Anshu Pandey, Media Associate,

Global Online Auction Market Report 2022: Integration of Wed, 28 Sep 2022 11:23:38 +0000

Dublin, Sept. 28, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Global Online Auction Market: Analysis by Product Type (Arts, Jewelry & Watches, Cars, Decorative Arts & Furniture, and Others), by Size of region and trends impacting COVID-19 and forecast to 2027” has been added to from offer.

The global online auction market in 2021 stood at US$5.90 billion and is expected to reach US$11.47 billion by 2027. In recent years, young audiences have recently shown strong interest in auctions and the willingness to use digital platforms to get what they are. looking for.

High net worth Millennials have fully embraced the digital transformation seen with auctions, and in 2020 they were the biggest spenders. This is primarily due to Millennials transitioning from the young, hardworking, underpaid generation, into their 20s, to the older members of the group approaching their 40s, and they now have great purchasing power that they didn’t have a few years ago.

An online auction refers to an auction in which auctioneers or bidders sell or bid for goods or services over the Internet. As auctions take place on the Internet, it is no longer a geographically predetermined market. The main advantages offered by online auctions include wide reach, 24/7 openness, convenience, wide exposure, universal product acceptance, fast and reliable transactions, less activity on site, etc. The global online auction market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 11.45% during the forecast period 2022-2027.

Market Segmentation Analysis:

  • By Product Type: The market report has segmented the global online auction market into five segments on the basis of type: fine arts, jewelry & watches, cars, decorative arts & furniture, and others. The fine art segment held over 55% of the online auction market share in 2021, due to the growing number of end consumers embracing their preferred channel online.
  • By Region: According to this report, the global market can be divided into five major regions: North America (United States, Mexico, and Canada), Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, and Rest of Asia-Pacific), Europe (the United Kingdom, France, Germany and the rest of Europe), the Middle East and Africa and Latin America. The fastest growing regional market is Asia-Pacific, driven by the three main drivers that have been identified: sustainability, affordability and collectability, which continue to propel auction demand in line in the region. China continues to be the largest online auction market in Asia-Pacific, occupying over 50% share in Asia-Pacific, due to the country’s transformation into a consumer economy driven primarily by technology. digital over the previous two decades. Additionally, wealthy young bidders and debt deals are driving China’s booming online auction market.

Market dynamics

Growth engines

  • Rise in internet use for auctions
  • Rapid urbanization
  • Increase in millennial population
  • Growing recognition of NFT


  • Security issues
  • Auction Fraud

Market trends

  • Growing popularity of mobile auctions
  • Integration of artificial intelligence (AI)
  • Growing Influence of Digital Marketing
  • Cloud Live Online Auction
  • GenZ population growth
  • Advancement of Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), and Mixed Reality (MR) technologies

Key players

  • eBay Inc.
  • Auction Technology Group PLC (
  • Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers Incorporated
  • International Mortgage Specialists, LLC (Auction Network)
  • Priceless, LLC (
  • Epiris LLP (
  •, Inc.
  • The Auction Company (TAC)
  • Catawiki
  • A Salasar Pvt. ltd.

Main topics covered:

1. Summary

2. Presentation

3. Global Market Analysis

4. Regional Market Analysis

5. Impact of COVID

6. Market dynamics

7. Competitive landscape

8. Company Profiles

Companies cited

  • eBay Inc.
  • Auction Technology Group PLC (
  • Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers Incorporated
  • International Mortgage Specialists, LLC (Auction Network)
  • Priceless, LLC (
  • Epiris LLP (
  •, Inc.
  • The Auction Company (TAC)
  • Catawiki
  • A Salasar Pvt. ltd.

For more information about this report visit

		LCCI to Maximize AfCFTA Opportunities to Drive Regional Market
		Sun, 25 Sep 2022 23:44:35 +0000


The Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) has declared its readiness to broadly maximize the opportunities of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) to boost global and regional markets for start-up brands, large industries, technology hubs and multinational companies to facilitate trade between key markets.

The chamber made the claim during a press conference of the 2022 Lagos International Trade Fair (LITF)

According to LCCI, the 2022 edition of the LITF would attract business interest and focus on market integration for global players to participate in optimal outreach and business promotions while strengthening ties with foreign partners to support. .

African countries are investing in trade.

This, the chamber said, would deepen regional markets, integrate foreign partnerships, boost startups and encourage local and aspiring investors to facilitate trade across the world.

Previously Chairman of the Trade Promotion Board and Deputy Chairman of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Engr. Leye Kupoluyi said that foreign countries, enterprises, government MDAs and private sector operators have increasingly announced their willingness to explore the opportunities of this year’s commercial edition.

He said that the global economic restrictions of the covid-19 pandemic have limited foreign partners to participate in the last two editions due to the growing wave of the global pandemic while ensuring that countries like India, Japan and Ghana have confirmed their interest in participating. Talks, he said, are already at an advanced stage with countries like Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Zambia, Indonesia and others.

Furthermore, he affirmed that 54 countries have been invited to this year’s LITF and many of their ambassadors have been visited, and 10 have already confirmed their participation while others are still in the process of processing their participation.

Kupoluyi affirmed that the 2022 edition would focus significantly on the African Continental Free Trade Agreement, adding that discussions were ongoing with AfCFTA Executive Secretary Mr. Wamkele Mene and other stakeholders. to meet exhibitors’ demands and provide more opportunities to improve logistics and atmosphere.

He further affirmed that the LITF would ensure stakeholders deliberate in depth on the need to maximize the potential of the AfCFTA while promising that the fair will be bigger, better and more beneficial to the LITF, investors, partners. foreigners and the global economy.

Kupoluyi congratulated the sponsors and partnerships of the 2022 edition of the LITF, namely United Bank for Africa Plc, Dangote Group, Choice International Group, FEDAN Investment Limited, De United Foods, Bank of Industries and Flour Mills of Nigeria Plc.

Also speaking, the Managing Director of LCCI, Dr. Chinyere Almona, said the companies would meet their sales targets, increase trading volume, eliminate market restrictions and integrate a wider market for more investment.

She said LITF would support the AfCFTA program to help key African markets engage countries around the world.

Deputy Administrator Isobel Coleman attends the United Nations General Assembly | Reading out loud Fri, 23 Sep 2022 22:43:45 +0000

The following is attributable to Deputy Spokesperson Shejal Pulivarti:‎

Deputy Administrator Isobel Coleman attended the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York from September 19-22. The Deputy Administrator highlighted USAID’s commitment to addressing food insecurity; promote the empowerment of women; enable an inclusive digital public infrastructure; addressing global humanitarian crises; and ending child malnutrition through a series of meetings and events with world leaders.


At the World Economic Forum’s Resilience Consortium meeting, the Deputy Administrator highlighted the importance of investing in resilience and working with the private sector to end the global food crisis – including in the Horn of Africa, where a historic drought is pushing millions of people to the brink of starvation. .

Deputy Administrator Coleman delivered the keynote address at the Stronger Foundations for Nutrition retreat, which brought together a coalition of private donors and philanthropic organizations working to address malnutrition around the world. She underscored the urgent need to increase funding for nutrition and commended participating organizations for their contributions to treating and preventing wasting, including new commitments announced at the United Nations commitment event. USAID on the Child Malnutrition Crisis later in the week.

At the Ford Foundation’s End Child Marriage event, Deputy Administrator Coleman delivered the keynote address emphasizing USAID’s continued commitment to preventing and responding to all forms of gender-based violence , including early marriages, forced marriages and unions (CEFMU). She highlighted new tools to support broader, evidence-based efforts to end child marriage.

At Concordia’s annual summit, Deputy Administrator Coleman participated in “The Fight for Food: Value Chains and Partnerships,” a panel focused on how food value chains can improve prospects for the agriculture sector and drive economic growth. sustainable innovation for a safe food market. She highlighted how the U.S. government, through its Feed the Future initiative, is empowering smallholder farmers through sustained investments in global agriculture, and highlighted USAID’s commitments to partner with the private sector. to advance innovative solutions and catalyze investments.

Alongside the US State Department’s Special Envoy for Global Food Security, Dr. Cary Fowler, Deputy Administrator Coleman led a Foreign Press Center briefing focused on the Biden administration’s efforts to strengthen the Food Safety. During the briefing, the Deputy Administrator highlighted President Biden’s UNGA announcement of $2.14 billion in new USAID commitments to address the global crisis. food security, including through development programs focused on last-mile critical delivery of agricultural tools, technologies and production methods.

The Deputy Administrator also delivered a keynote address on “The Future of Digital Cooperation: Building Resilience through Safe, Trusted and Inclusive Digital Public Infrastructure”. She highlighted the US government’s commitment to open, secure, and inclusive digital infrastructure through the Global Infrastructure and Investment Partnership; the Declaration for the Future of the Internet; and the Flea and Science Act. She also described USAID’s digital strategy, the Digital Invest program, and the ongoing development of the Digital Public Goods Charter as examples of the Agency’s leadership in this area.

At a high-level event on the Rohingya crisis, the Deputy Administrator announced more than $170 million in additional humanitarian assistance for the humanitarian crisis in Burma and Bangladesh, bringing the total U.S. humanitarian assistance for this crisis to nearly $1.9 billion since it began in August 2017. With this new funding, USAID will provide food and nutrition assistance, health care, shelter, clean water, sanitation and hygiene support, protection for the most vulnerable and other essential support for relief operations in Burma and Bangladesh.

Deputy Administrator Coleman delivered closing remarks during a meeting with U.S. Undersecretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and Environment Jose Fernandez and representatives from Feed’s eight new focus countries. the Future: Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda. , Tanzania and Zambia. She explained how the U.S. government, through Feed the Future, is working in partnership with African countries to produce food more efficiently, improve nutrition, and increase incomes for smallholder farmers.


The Deputy Administrator met with Timor-Leste’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Adaljiza Magno, to discuss USAID’s development partnership in Timor-Leste, including food security, democratic governance, and the social and economic empowerment of women. The Deputy Administrator expressed U.S. support for Timor-Leste’s steps toward greater regional integration, including work towards membership in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and at the World Trade Organization.

Deputy Administrator Coleman also met with Sri Lankan External Affairs Minister Ali Sabry to discuss the Sri Lankan government’s efforts to address the country’s political and economic crises, and how USAID can support a viable path for Sri Lanka’s economic growth.

Deputy Administrator Coleman met with Belarusian Democratic Opposition Leader Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya to reaffirm the U.S. government’s enduring support for a sovereign and independent Belarus that respects the rights and voices of its people.

Deputy Administrator Coleman also met with Uzbek Foreign Minister Vladimir Norov to discuss joint efforts to help Uzbekistan’s poorest households cope with high food costs and energy inflation resulting from Putin’s war. . They discussed USAID support for fertilizer producers in Uzbekistan to increase production and ongoing efforts to promote good governance, justice, economic diversification and resilience.

The Deputy Administrator joined Administrator Power in a meeting with Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal to reaffirm USAID’s commitment to supporting the government and people of Ukraine in the face of Putin’s full-scale invasion .

Deputy Administrator Coleman met with Vietnamese Deputy Foreign Minister Ha Kim Ngoc and reaffirmed our shared commitment to promoting an open, prosperous and secure Vietnam. They discussed war legacy issues; climate change and renewable energy; and reforms to strengthen cooperation.

Deputy Administrator Coleman also met with Yemen’s Foreign Minister Dr. Ahmed Awad Bin Mubarak. She expressed USAID’s continued support for the government of the Republic of Yemen and commended the government’s efforts to help the Yemeni people receive tangible benefits from the current truce, including access to assistance from the ‘USAID. She pleaded for an extended and expanded truce as it is currently due to expire on October 2, 2022.

Integration of NSoft multi-channel sports betting software into Stanleybet Romania – European Gaming Industry News Thu, 22 Sep 2022 06:42:46 +0000 Reading time: 2 minutes

Stanleybet Romania has chosen NSoft Sportsbook for its sports betting activity. The agreement was signed in the summer of 2022, including the integration of sports betting solutions to all the operator’s channels. The onboarding process covers all distribution channels: web, mobile app, retail and terminals.

“Stanleybet and NSoft have a long-standing cooperation with an excellent track record. At Stanlybet, we know which NSoft Sportsbook solution best suits our widespread business operations in Romania. As difficult as it can be at times, the process of integration itself is going smoothly thanks to the teams on both sides and, of course, mainly thanks to the excellent modular software offered by NSoft, said Csaba Tanko, CEO of Stanlybet Romania.

The Stanleybet brand has been present in the Romanian betting market since 2004. Since then, the company has provided high-quality content and entertainment to an impressive player base, constantly improving its list of games. With sports betting and casino content as the basic layer of business operations, the company relies on stable and quality suppliers.

“As a sports fan and leader of a betting company, I can’t stress enough the importance of fluidity, simplicity and versatility for players when it comes to sports betting. We have it all with NSoft Sportsbook,” Mr. Tanko concluded.

NSoft has a strong presence in the SEE and CE regions. “We are delighted that Stanlybet Romania runs their sports betting business using our Sportsbook. It is a market-ready solution that can easily meet all of their needs – with versatile sports and market offerings covering times – major leagues and locally relevant content. This is yet another great benchmark for our solutions,” commented Marko Lasić, Regional Sales Manager, Europe at NSoft.

NB Stanleybet Romania belongs to Equilor Holding Limited and is not part of the Stanleybet group. It operates the Stanleybet brand in Romania under license from the Stanleybet group.

Maryland Post-Acute Care Associations and Real-Time Medical Systems Collaborate with CRISP to Integrate Nursing Facilities into the State-Designated Health Information Exchange Tue, 20 Sep 2022 15:00:00 +0000

COLUMBIA, Maryland–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Major post-acute care associations in the state of Maryland, LifeSpan Network, Health Facilities Association of Maryland and LeadingAge Maryland join Real Time Medical Systems (Real Time), the industry-leading post-acute analysis solution, as they announce their collaboration with the Chesapeake Regional Information System for our Patients ( CRISP), on the occasion of the launch of its Nursing Facility Connectivity Program. The program aims to create a statewide information technology solution specifically designed to connect and integrate nursing facilities through CRISP, the state-designated Health Information Exchange.

“LifeSpan and the Beacon Institute are thrilled to partner with CRISP and Real-Time as we provide institutions with the educational training and coaching they need to succeed in the program,” said Kevin Heffner, president of LifeSpan.

“This integrative program presents the potential for Maryland’s skilled nursing and rehabilitation centers to work collaboratively and as full partners across the continuum of health care to provide quality care to the people of Maryland. who need it the most,” said Joe DeMattos, President and CEO of HFAM.

“We are excited to see how this program will help improve the quality of care and life for older adults in Maryland and those who serve them,” said Allison Roenigk Ciborowski, president and CEO of LeadingAge Maryland.

Understanding the challenges facing nursing facilities, CRISP selected Real Time to help with data integration and provide its clinical analytics module and clinical technical assistance program to every nursing facility across the country. State. Designed by nursing facilities, for nursing facilities, Real Time’s HITRUST Certified Clinical Analytics Module is one of its key platforms that accesses live data in the electronic health record, enabling healthcare teams to prioritize patient care, monitor high-risk patients, identify emerging infections, automate disease surveillance and antibiotic management programs, and reduce avoidable hospitalizations/readmissions – with no extra work or duplicate data entry required by facilities. Additionally, its clinical technical assistance program will provide each nursing facility with a designated coordinator, who will establish a valuable partnership with the facilities’ care teams to improve care coordination and provide seamless transitions of care for residents.

“As a Maryland-based company, we are honored to partner with CRISP and state nursing facilities as we work together to improve quality of care through seamless data integration,” says Joan Neuscheler, CEO of Real Time. “As Maryland continues to evolve its health care delivery system through the Total Cost of Care Model, this program is an example of an innovative approach to ensuring nursing facilities have the tools and resources they need to further improve patient care and facility performance through shared data. Maryland, we hope, will be the first of many states to leverage this pioneering program that integrates post-acute facilities into timely health data collection, so it can be used to improve outcomes. patients across the continuum of care.

The State of Maryland has funded this program, which will be made available free of charge to all nursing facilities in the state.

About the LifeSpan Network

Lifespan Network is Maryland’s premier association of post-acute care providers, representing more than 330 senior care providers in Maryland and the District of Columbia. LifeSpan members include skilled nursing facilities, assisted living communities, continuing care retirement communities, subsidized senior housing, community and hospital programs. Providers and professionals involved in elder care in Maryland and the District of Columbia turn to LifeSpan Network to learn about the latest legislation and trends in elder care, participate in educational networking opportunities and among peers and engage in programs to save money and run a more efficient organization. For more information, please visit

About HFAM

The Health Facilities Association of Maryland (HFAM) is the oldest nationally affiliated long-term and post-acute care professional association in the state. Comprised of nearly 150 provider members and 80 business associate members, HFAM represents all types of long-term care providers, including assisted living, subacute care, rehabilitation, and skilled nursing facilities. HFAM actively serves the long-term care community and represents its members to state, county, and local government agencies. Additionally, HFAM is helping to educate state legislators on long-term care priorities during the 90-day session of the Maryland General Assembly. For more information, visit

About LeadingAge Maryland

LeadingAge Maryland exists to expand opportunities for aging and to make Maryland a state where older adults live in communities that provide the services they need, when they need them, where they call home. We are the only organization representing the full continuum of Maryland’s nonprofit, mission-driven healthcare, housing, and service providers for the elderly. We are a voice, advocate, and trusted partner for those who care about aging in Maryland. Our members collectively touch the lives of tens of thousands of Maryland seniors each year through more than 140 members, including life plan/continuing care retirement communities, skilled nursing centers, living communities assisted living, hospices, home and community service providers and affordable seniors. lodging. We support aging service providers through state regulatory and legislative advocacy and educate older Marylanders unlike nonprofits.

About real-time medical systems

Real Time Medical Systems is the industry-leading, KLAS-listed, HITRUST-certified interventional analytics solution that turns post-acute EHR data into actionable insights. Serving healthcare organizations nationwide, Real Time improves clinical, operational and financial outcomes by reducing hospital admissions, accurately managing reimbursements, detecting early signs of infectious disease, automating antibiotic monitoring and advancing care coordination through post-acute data transparency. For more information, please visit


CRISP is a Regional Health Information Exchange (HIE) serving Maryland, the District of Columbia, West Virginia and surrounding areas. A non-profit organization advised by a wide range of healthcare stakeholders throughout the region, CRISP has been officially designated as the State of Maryland’s HIE by the Maryland Health Care Commission. HIEs enable clinical information to move electronically between disparate health information systems. For more information about CRISP, visit

]]> West African CSOs launch pro-democracy network in Ghana Sun, 18 Sep 2022 15:21:33 +0000

Around 40 civil society organizations (CSOs) from 15 West African countries launched the West Africa Democracy Solidarity Network (WADEMOS) to address the backsliding and breakdown of democracy and to strengthen democracy in the subregion.

This held in a two-day event, between Thursday and Friday, in Accra, Ghana. This coincided with this year’s edition United Nations (UN) International Day of Democracy held annually on September 15.

The event brought together officials from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Ghanaian government, the diplomatic corps and members who gathered from Nigeria and other countries in the sub- region to form WADEMOS.

Speakers took turns condemning the recent democratic collapse and backsliding of some West African countries and called for joint efforts to restore the reputation that West Africa has earned, leading to the third wave of democratization in Africa in the 1990s.

They hailed the emergence of WADEMOS as timely to complement the efforts of ECOWAS and other pro-democracy actors to halt the decline and collapse of democracy in the region.

Since 2020, there have been successful coups in Mali, Guinea and Burkina Faso, and failed attempts in Niger and Guinea Bissau.

Also in many West African countries, some leaders muzzle the opposition, stifle multiparty politics and tinker with their national constitutions for no reason to cling to power.

Democracy in distress

At the launch of WADEMOS on Thursday, the Executive Director of the Center for Democratic Development (CDD), Ghana, Kwasi Prempeh said, “Even in countries that have not faced democratic collapse, the quality of democracy and governance leaves much to be desired”. .

Executive Director of CDD Ghana and Project Director of WADEMOS, Kwasi Prempeh

Mr. Prempeh, professor and project director of WADEMOS, said that “winner takes all politics, imperial presidency and weak compensatory institutions are still the norm in our sub-region”.

Announcement TEXEM

This, he said, “undermines political pluralism” and “creates a very hostile environment for civil society and the practice of investigative journalism.”

READ ALSO: How Nigeria can overcome security challenges – Buhari

“The democratic backsliding in West Africa represents a major setback for our region and is a source of grave concern for its people,” Mr. Prempeh said.

He recalled West Africa’s leadership roles in “the so-called third wave of democratization in Africa beginning with Benin’s historic national conference in 1990”.

“Continued democratic decline with the risk of democratic collapse in a few more countries will mean more disaster for the region. The future of West Africa, home to nearly 400 million people, hangs in the balance,” he said.

Along the same lines, the Head of Regional Development Cooperation in Africa, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Ulla Andren, said: “There is now increasing evidence of a democratic backsliding” in the region.

Head of Regional Development Cooperation in Africa, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Ulla Andren
Head of Regional Development Cooperation in Africa, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Ulla Andren

She pointed out that several countries had been affected by “illegal means of transfer of power, a coup d’etat or an illegal amendment of the national constitution to allow the mandate of the holder.

Disturbing Coups, Freedom Threatened in Nigeria, Four More

For her part, Kamissa Camara, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mali, who is today

Senior Advisor for Africa at the American Institute for Peace, said, “It’s hard to believe what we’re seeing recently.”

Kamissa Camara addressed the gathering virtually
Kamissa Camara addressed the gathering virtually

“Despite its democratic gains, the ECOWAS region has suffered a major democratic decline. A significant number of heads of state are changing constitutions to undermine a term limit in countries and to retain power,” Ms. Camara said.

She also noted that Africa “is clearly plagued by a series of military coups”, adding that “since 2010, there have been more than 40 military coups and coup attempts”.

She added 20 out of that number, about 50% of the total coups that have occurred in Africa have occurred in West Africa and the Sahel region.

“Since 2019, there have been seven coups, of which five succeeded and two failed.”

She also quoted the new statement from Freedom House freedom in the world report, which indicates that of the 12 worst performing countries with the largest year-over-year score declines globally in 2019, five are in West Africa – Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Mali and Nigeria.

ECOWAS Protocols

Ghana’s Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration, Thomas Mbomba, observed that constitutional violations in different West African countries are “against the ECOWAS protocol on the prevention, management and conflict resolution, peacekeeping and security, among others”.

Ghanaian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration, Thomas Mbomba
Ghanaian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration, Thomas Mbomba

Similarly, Mr. Prempeh noted that the ECOWAS Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance “sets standards and benchmarks to promote regional covenant towards constitutional order.

“This West African legal instrument provides us with a useful rallying point and framework to counter democratic backsliding and reinvigorate democratic processes and institutions in the region,” he said.

Roles of ECOWAS

ECOWAS Resident Representative in Ghana, Baba Gana Wakil, identified the steps the regional body had taken to address the “alarming democratic backsliding” seen since 2020.

Chief among the measures, Wakil said, is a continued effort to revise the 2001 ECOWAS Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance “with several bold new provisions”.

Resident Representative of ECOWAS in Ghana, Baba Gana Wakil … West Africa facing a complex situation
Resident Representative of ECOWAS in Ghana, Baba Gana Wakil … West Africa facing a complex situation

Among other measures, Wakil said, ECOWAS has put in place high-level mediators to interface with senior authorities in member countries facing political crises – Mali, Guinea and Burkina Faso.

He also said the regional body had rolled out various regional action plans, including counter-terrorism action plans from 2020 to 2024 to address “some of the stubborn drivers of insecurity in the sub- region”.

Given the “complex situation we face”, Mr. Wakil expressed hope that the formation of WADEMOS would mark the beginning of many more such interventions.

Hope, Solution

Ms Camara cited a report by Afrobarometer which reveals that 76% of West Africans still prefer democracy to any form of government “despite the apparent popular support that military governments have recently received in the region”.

“Democracy indeed has a chance of survival if the people see reason to protect it,” she said.

She added that the focus should shift from waiting for violations before acting, to taking more preventative action.

“We now need to find a way to prevent unconstitutional means of change of government,” she said, adding that the region should no longer wait for violations to occur before taking action.

The African Union Commission’s governance and peacebuilding adviser, William Kanyirigi, hailed WADEMOS for the “community of knowledge” it promises to bring to support democracy.

Advisor on Governance and Peacebuilding, African Union Commission, William Kanyirigi
Advisor on Governance and Peacebuilding, African Union Commission, William Kanyirigi

Ms. Camara hailed the formation of a transnational democracy network like WADEMOS as timely to help “mobilise, coordinate and leverage the collective power of pro-democracy actors”.


WADEMOS is a civil society-led, non-partisan and independent transnational democratic solidarity network.

Funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation and the Open Society Foundation, WADEMOS, which is located in 15 ECOWAS member states, has its secretariat at CDD, Ghana office.

On Thursday, Mr. Prempeh, who heads the WADEMOS secretariat in Accra, noted that the network has adopted strategic priorities to cover the period 2022 to the end of 2024.

This includes supporting frontline democracy advocates, activists, human rights activists and others facing repressive legislation and authoritarian attacks in their countries.

Mr Pempreh also said the network would also focus on countries that have recently experienced democratic collapse.

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Pakistan and Kazakhstan for the rapid finalization of the bilateral TTA Fri, 16 Sep 2022 23:02:05 +0000

SAMARKAND: Pakistan and Kazakhstan on Friday agreed to quickly finalize the bilateral agreement on transit trade and undertake expert-level studies to enhance cooperation in the energy sector.

Bilateral relations were discussed during a meeting between Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif and Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev here on the sidelines of the annual meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Heads of State Council.

The two leaders emphasized facilitating people-to-people contacts through liberalized visa policies to boost trade, educational ties and investments. They also exchanged views on key regional and international issues.

They affirmed their commitment to strengthening relations between Pakistan and Kazakhstan in various fields, including trade, investment and transport.

Kazakh envoy announces measures to increase trade with Pakistan

President Tokayev expressed his sympathy and condolences for the devastation caused by the unprecedented floods caused by climate change in Pakistan.

The Prime Minister thanked the Kazakh President for Kazakhstan’s support and solidarity. He informed him of the colossal loss in terms of human life and damage to crops, livestock and critical infrastructure caused by climate change. Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif stressed the need for urgent global action to deal with the global threat. He stressed that Pakistan is committed to comprehensively improving engagement with Central Asian countries through its “Central Asia Vision” policy. He particularly highlighted the importance of connectivity and Pakistan’s central position in providing the shortest access route to the sea.

The Prime Minister stressed the importance of the trans-Afghan railway project linking Uzbekistan to Pakistan via Afghanistan. He expressed a desire to connect the existing Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran railway line to Pakistan.

To promote regional integration, the two leaders also decided to boost connectivity by land and air.

The Prime Minister also stressed the importance of peace and stability in Afghanistan for Pakistan and the region. He stressed that the international community must remain engaged to support the Afghan people, meet urgent humanitarian needs and take steps to stabilize the economy.

Like-minded coalitions, new-age models of cooperation? An Indian perspective Thu, 15 Sep 2022 04:20:21 +0000

More and more like-minded countries are coming together to collaborate on specific issues on the global stage. For emerging countries like India, these “coalitions of the able and willing” appear to be favorable alternatives to sclerotic alliances, historically perceived as constrain maneuverability. These thematic and niche coalitions also complement India’s emphasis on multilateralism.

Coalitions of like-minded countries are the new game in town. These are loose groupings of countries tackling issues of common concern. These groupings are flexible in nature and are not based on absolute security guarantees. This article explores the various areas where India has demonstrated its intention to forge innovative combinations.

The common thread running through most new-age coalitions of “like-minded” partners is to reduce structural dependencies on China, enhance meaningful exchanges of technology through multi-stakeholder partnership, and build sound infrastructural alternatives for participating nations.

In recent times, India and the United States have felt the need to cooperate with like-minded partners to create a robust governance architecture for emerging and advanced technologies, a phenomenon rushed to counter the growing technological capabilities of the China. Other motivations for tech coalitions include the desire to cooperate with similar tech-democracies like the EU, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Canada and Israel to build individual and mutual capabilities. Various ad hoc arrangements like D-10, T10, T12 have already been proposed. Artificial intelligence, telecommunications, quantum computing, financial technology, semiconductors, drones, autonomous weapons and biotechnology are potential areas that are gaining momentum. These are important because technological innovations are the foundation of a country’s economic and military power.

A concrete example that is taking shape is the Clean Network initiative, which calls for the adoption of rules on digital governance. These initiatives aim to reduce dependence on China for the acquisition and use of technology, particularly in light of the development of Chinese espionage and surveillance capabilities. The ostracism of Chinese telecommunications companies like Huawei in many Western countries is a tangible result.

Such coalitions improve supply chain resilience, reform global standards, mitigate national security concerns, and boost the technological competitiveness of participating nations. Setting technology standards is also a crucial part of the QUAD partnership.

Various experts have called for coalition building around cybersecurity. This would help recognize and work on general data privacy standards while being nimble enough to accommodate national approaches to data privacy protection. The recognition of general standards could pave the way for the implementation of Internet regulations to combat malicious cyber activities, based on values ​​of transparency and accountability. A feasible event could be an international cybercrime center to coordinate botnet takedowns.

A natural beneficiary of this process will be digital trade flows between countries based on mutual trust. It could also involve removing tariff and non-tariff barriers on digital goods; advancing digital flows.

In 2019, India took the initiative to establish the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) for sustainable development. CDRI aims to make infrastructure systems resilient to cope with climate risks and disasters. CDRI is a partnership of multiple stakeholders, including national governments, private sector organizations, knowledge institutions, UN agencies, multilateral development banks and financing mechanisms. Several countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe and North America have expressed interest in joining this initiative.

India, Japan and Australia have also launched the Resilient Supply Chain Initiative (RSCI) to complement QUAD’s efforts to reduce vulnerabilities in global supply chains.

Experts have called on RSCI to promote integrated supply chain clusters of manufacturing bases that are backed by financial incentives such as favorable regulatory and tax policies. Recently, a new roadmap was defined by 18 countries, including the EU, the United States, Japan, Singapore and India, to build supply chains based on the values ​​of transparency, sustainability, diversification and security.

India has also been eager to join niche new-age coalitions that seek to “bridge the gap between theory and practice of AI”. A concrete example is the Global Partnership for AI (GPAI) supported by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), France and Canada.

The GPAI aims for multi-sector cooperation to promote cutting-edge research to support the responsible evolution of AI. This complements India’s own efforts to leverage AI through its National AI Strategy and National AI Portal. NITI Aayog has also launched its “AI for All” initiative which falls under the general rubric of GPAI.

In outer space, the US-led Artemis Accords are an agreement for lunar exploration and beyond. In March 2022, it had 18 signatories. It is against the backdrop of the decaying nature of the Outer Space Treaty (OST) regime that the Artemis Accords are taking shape. it aims to promote transparency, interoperability, emergency assistance and peaceful international cooperation. The interest of this system lies in its usefulness in getting the major powers to agree and comply with a common set of principles, guidelines and best practices to ensure better compliance with established governance treaties.

Senior diplomats have called on India to introduce a Coalition of Countries for Growth with Renewable Energy, Entrepreneurship and Nature (GREEN) to step up efforts to reduce greenhouse gases, introduce clean technologies, climate adaptation and the development of renewable energy sources.

Underscoring India’s civilizational links with nature, India, together with France, took the initiative to establish the International Solar Alliance (ISA) in 2015 to promote solar energy and mobilize investment for the use of solar energy at affordable costs, increasing its access and reach. This coalition has already included 89 countries, many of which are developing countries in Africa and small island states.

The I2U2 grouping between India, UAE, US and Israel has publicly stated its objectives, including a focus on joint investments, private sector partnerships, start-up collaborations and new initiatives in the fields of water, energy, green technologies, transport and space. Some analysts have viewed the consolidation from a security perspective, calling it an attempt to integrate two distinct strategic contexts of the Indo-Pacific and the Middle East to counter Chinese influence in the region. However, imposing geostrategic models on a nascent idea might be too early. The grouping is exploratory in nature and focuses primarily on economic themes and opportunities for the future.

The QUAD is the most relevant and trumpeted example of global strategic convergence spanning many fields and domains.

Potential coalitions India should work with in the future

There are new evolving coalitions of which India is not yet a part. This is due to India’s lack of expertise or natural resource endowments in these exclusive areas. Building substantial skill and bandwidth in the long run will help India economically and also serve as a pass for these coalitions. Two relevant coalitions are Minerals Security Partnership and Chip 4 Alliance.

The Minerals Security Partnership (MSP) aims to explore and build alternatives to China, which has built crucial processing capacity and acquired mines in Africa for cobalt. MSP aims to strengthen mineral supply chains between countries linked by trust and shared interests.

The existing supply chains of rare earth elements, heavily dependent on China, such as cobalt, nickel, lithium, etc., have become vulnerable due to the worsening geopolitical environment. Securing these elements is necessary because they are crucial inputs for manufacturing batteries in electric vehicles, semiconductors, solar panels, wind turbines and high-end electronics.

The United States has taken the initiative to form a “Chip 4” ad hoc grouping alliance that seeks to create a semiconductor supply chain between the United States, Taiwan, Japan and South Korea. The implicit message is to keep China out and cut off Beijing’s access to the intellectual property of companies in these four countries.

Severe semiconductor supply constraints encountered during the Covid-19 pandemic prompted the United States to begin cooperation with Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea on semiconductor chip design and production. drivers. However, South Korea is cautious as it does not wish to abandon the huge Chinese market; where South Korean firms have significantly established themselves.

UNCTAD Thematic Solutions Forum at the Global South-South Development Expo 2022 Sun, 11 Sep 2022 21:23:22 +0000

South-South economic integration for a sustainable recovery

The objective of the Thematic Solutions Forum is to provide an opportunity for governments, international organizations and academia to reflect and debate the role of South-South economic integration in the post-Covid recovery of developing countries.

Issues to address:

  • Stimulating a sustainable recovery from the Covid-19 shock.

    The Covid-19 pandemic has hit the global economy hard and developing countries have been disproportionately affected given their vulnerabilities and limited fiscal space to deploy stimulus packages. Despite some positive signs of recovery from last year, inflationary pressures could lead to higher interest rates in advanced economies, which could further lead to global liquidity constraints, especially for developing countries. Meanwhile, other structural issues such as unequal access to vaccines, narrow economic structure and deteriorating terms of trade remain.

    The consequences of the crisis in such a difficult context must be carefully considered, and recovery strategies and scenarios, including the contribution of South-South economic integration, must be explored both internationally and regionally.

    As UNCTAD suggested in a publication on “South-South Cooperation in the Time of COVID-19: Strengthening Solidarity among Developing Countries”, South-South cooperation could significantly contribute to the response. to the post-covid crisis and recovery of developing countries through various policy areas. including scaling up South-South financing, building SSC for trade and industrial recovery, strengthening regional integration and regional value chains, and building strategic partnerships.

  • Building resilience through successful climate adaptation.

    Stimulating economic recovery from the pandemic shock will also require an effective medium- to long-term climate adaptation strategy. Human-induced climate change has become a major concern for all economies around the world. According to IPCC analysis, the global mean surface temperature (GMST) for the decade 2011-2020 is 1.09°C higher than the period 1850-1900.

    Global warming and associated extreme events have caused widespread adverse effects on land and ocean ecosystems, which in turn have reduced food and water security, affected people’s physical health, affected human settlements and infrastructure, and hampered efforts to achieve the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

    Climate change has also resulted in enormous economic damage and lower economic growth that disproportionately affects developing countries. Therefore, they will need to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change to foster economic and climate resilience through integrated policy strategies. However, developing countries are also constrained by inadequate institutional capacity, insufficient access to climate finance and green technologies to develop a successful climate adaptation strategy.

    In this regard, South-South cooperation could play a unique role as it can not only provide complementary resources to ODA, but also facilitate South-South technology transfer and peer learning of policy strategies.


  • Welcome remarks, Rashmi BangaSenior Economic Affairs Specialist, UNCTAD
  • Opening speeches and key messages, Supachai Panichpakdi, former Secretary General, UNCTAD

High Level Round Table

President: Supachai Panitchpakdi

  • Jurin LaksanawisitDeputy Prime Minister and Minister of Commerce, Thailand (TBC)
  • Ryan StraughnMember of Parliament, Minister in the Ministry of Finance, Barbados
  • Chad Blackman, Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office and other international organizations at Geneva, Barbados; Chairman, G77 and China (Geneva Chapter)
  • Safdar A. Sohail, Dean, National Institute of Public Policy, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Jomo Kwame SundaramSenior Advisor, Khazanah Research Institute Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Discussions in the room: 10 minutes

Launch of the UNCTAD video on South-South cooperation

Interactive video message with chair

  • Rebecca GrynspanSecretary General, UNCTAD

Closing remarks: Supachai Panitchpakdi

Join the meeting

About GSSD Expo 2022

The Global South-South Development Expo is an annual event organized by the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) to showcase successful evidence-based development solutions and initiatives, in collaboration with United Nations agencies and all other partners.

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