Building Momentum for a More Inclusive World Order – World

During his one-on-one meeting at the G20 summit with President Xi Jinping, US President Joe Biden reiterated that despite vigorous competition, mutual conflict should be avoided. He also spoke of the need for cooperation in a range of transnational challenges, including climate change, debt relief, health security and global food security.

Chinese media say Biden doubled down on previous pledges of non-confrontation, not seeking regime change or a new Cold War, not ganging up on China, not supporting ‘Taiwan independence’ or “two Chinas”, and no intention to conflict with China or decouple from China as well as no intention to impede China’s economic development or contain China .

However, these nine specific promises do not appear in Washington’s minutes of the meeting.

With the possible exception of some of America’s closest allies in the Five Eyes intelligence alliance, which includes Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. , many countries do not want to be forced to take sides, as China has become the largest trading partner for 128 of the 190 nations around the world.

China’s centrality in the global supply and value chain is particularly important in the world’s largest trading bloc – the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership.

China’s approaches to what Xi calls a global “crossroads” amid “momentous changes not seen in a century” are embedded in his speeches at the 17th G20 summit in Bali on Nov. 15, at the China CEO Summit. APEC in Bangkok on November 17 and at the APEC Economic Leaders Meeting in Bangkok on November 18.

Xi presented a clear vision of an “Asia-Pacific community with a shared future”. The region is “no one’s backyard” nor should it become “an arena for high power competition”. It should embrace “openness and inclusiveness”, guided by “diversity and non-discrimination”, allowing for “win-win cooperation” and “regional economic integration” without any disruption or dismantling of the supply chain. supply.

Rejecting a “cold war mentality” and “bloc confrontation”, Xi put forward the idea of ​​”common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security” in a global security initiative based on the UN Charter.

Specifically, Xi proposed building an Asia-Pacific free trade area, including reform of the World Trade Organization and better alignment between RCEP, the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Digital Economy Partnership Agreement.

For the world as a whole, Xi points out that “drawing ideological lines or promoting group politics and bloc confrontation will only divide the world and hinder global development and human progress.” It espouses the Global Development Initiative, under which more than 60 countries have joined a group of GDI friends.

China has established the Global Fund for South-South Cooperation and Development and will increase its funding for the China-UN Fund for Peace and Development, within the framework of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Opposing the politicization of food and energy issues, Xi points to China’s Joint Initiative for International Cooperation on Resilient and Stable Industrial and Supply Chains, the Global Clean Energy Cooperation Partnership and the international cooperation on global food security within the G20.

It is clear that under Xi, China is taking on a much greater role in helping to build a better world in a community of shared destiny, bound together by global challenges such as climate change, pandemics, food and water security, the terrorism and development bottlenecks. This should be welcome.

The crucial question is whether the United States, as the world’s sole superpower, can rise above “American exceptionalism” and a zero-sum, “win-lose” mindset. .

For decades, the Chinese Communist Party has been consistently misunderstood, misjudged and distorted, if not completely demonized, by the West, including some of the most respected authors, broadsheets, think tanks, journals and other media.

The so-called “Chinese threat” is reaching a crescendo, portraying the US-China competition as a “life or death” competition between “democracy and autocracy”. According to the Washington-based Pew Research Center, unfavorable views of China are reaching historic highs in many countries.

Rhetoric aside, Biden’s reassurances during his three-hour meeting with Xi in Bali focused on guardrails rather than blue sky thinking. The upcoming US presidential election of 2024 and the election of the Taiwanese leader are also likely to politicize issues that could upend the applecart.

However, according to calculations by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, developing countries will account for almost 60% of global GDP on a purchasing power parity basis by 2030. More are becoming confident enough to make assert their national interests, individually or collectively. , in defiance of heavy-handed hegemonic tactics.

The recent refusal of OPEC to increase oil production according to the United States is a good example. Others are likely to have China as their main trading partner and welcome, as Xi advocates, a more inclusive world order not based on ideological lines.

Peace and development remain common aspirations. Xi’s panoply of ideas, initiatives and concrete proposals for a global community of shared destiny are likely to gain momentum and momentum, restoring China to its rightful place in the sun as the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation is finally being realized.

The author, a freelance Chinese strategist, was Hong Kong’s main official representative for the UK, Eastern Europe, Russia, Norway and Switzerland.

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