Beijing Fengtai Station, China

Construction of Beijing Fengtai Railway Station was completed in April 2022. Credit: Canny Elevator.

The reconstructed station is installed with signposts to guide passengers. Credit: Photo via The Beijing News.

The roof is designed to allow the entry of natural light inside the station. Credit: Photo via The Beijing News.

Beijing Fengtai Railway Station, located on Zhengyang Avenue in Fengtai District in southern Beijing, China, is set to open after undergoing reconstruction.

Fengtai Station was opened in 1898 as a small passenger and freight railway station. It offered passenger services to Shanghai, Taiyuan and Guangzhou, until it was closed to passengers in June 2010 to facilitate reconstruction and modernization.

Reconstruction of the station began in September 2018 and was completed in April 2022. Covering 398,800 m² (4.29 million ft²), the reconstructed station is considered the largest railway station in Asia and among Beijing’s most important transport hubs. It has a capacity of 14,000 passengers.

The new station joins other major railway stations in Beijing, including Beijing Railway Station, Beijing North, Beijing South, Beijing East, Beijing West and Xinghuo. It will serve as a new gateway to the capital.

Beijing Fengtai Railway Station Design

The main structure and backbone of the station comprises 352 steel pillars. The station features a floating cruciform roof structure, under which a gray terracotta facade is incorporated to connect the modern structure to Beijing’s historic cityscape.

It has an urban character, mainly due to the large public plazas to the south and north, and elevated thoroughfares to the east and west.

The design of the station integrates pedestrian flows with commercial areas.

Features of Beijing Fengtai Railway Station

The new station is the first two-level station in the country, serving both high-speed and regular trains.

Located between West Beijing 3rd Bypass and West 4and Ring Road, the station has seven floors, three of which are underground, while the other four are above ground. It has 17 quays and 32 railway tracks.

The station will provide intercity and suburban rail services. It will also serve high-speed trains running on the Beijing-Kowloon, Beijing-Guangzhou and Beijing-Shijiazhuang lines.

It is connected to metro lines 10 and 16 to improve passenger comfort. Additionally, 166 elevators and escalators were installed as part of the renovation.

The station also includes support facilities such as a U-turn section and a passenger car maintenance depot.

Construction of Beijing Fengtai Railway Station

The ground excavation works as part of the reconstruction project began in December 2018 while the structural work of the station began in April 2019.

The construction of the first phase of the northern district and the Beijing-Guangzhou and Beijing-Shanghai lines of the conventional rail network was completed in August 2020.

The structure of the first phase of the southern district, as well as other major components of the project, were completed in April 2021.

The station’s main structure was capped in May 2021. The work included the excavation of 1.67 million m² (17.97 million ft²) of earthwork and the pouring of 810,000 m³ of concrete. The project also involved the installation of 140,000 t of steel bars and 190,000 t of steel structures.

The overhaul and renovation of the station was undertaken after the main structure was completed.

Contractors involved

China Railway Engineering Corporation (CREC), a state-owned enterprise, was responsible for building the rebuilt Beijing Fengtai Station.

Canny Elevator, a professional elevator manufacturer based in China, has been contracted to provide elevators and escalators for the new station. gmp, a German architectural firm, provided the design for the station.

Jingye Group, a China-based multinational steelmaker and conglomerate, supplied the steel for the station’s main structure and frame.

HBIS Group, a steelmaker based in China, supplied the steel for the construction of the station. ABB was selected to provide a low voltage distribution solution for the station.

The China Architecture Design and Research Group (CADG) was contracted to conduct pedestrian simulation research to optimize the design and construction of the new station. He used Bentley Systems’ LEGION software to prepare the pedestrian and simulation model.


Fengtai Station aims to reduce congestion at Beijing South and Beijing West stations. It will provide connectivity with the Xiong’an New Area and enhance Beijing’s regional integration with Tianjin and Hebei.

The project is also expected to reduce traffic congestion in northern Beijing.

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