ASEAN needs new leadership and political will – OpEd – Eurasia Review

ASEAN has grown tremendously in all areas since its inception 55 years ago. Throughout, it has been riddled with increasing challenges that have taken different perspectives and forms. The current scenario calls for a more inclusive and deeper understanding and cooperation among its members, with the aim of establishing a common framework of understanding and vision that will benefit everyone and give a sense of belonging to the grouping, in the hope that ASEAN can present itself as a united and dynamic entity.

Each year brought different difficult scenarios for the grouping and all remained the contentious part for ASEAN to resolve. There is a common understanding and agreement on the crucial need to strengthen regional integration and unity beyond the norms of formal diplomacy and the work of government and its agencies, although still undermined by internal divisions and distrust.

The centerpiece of ASEAN’s efforts and progress in building a regional integration community to bring the benefits of shared economic development and greater economic participation and integration has been hijacked by external pressures and the impact they have had on individual Member States. ASEAN was formed on the basis of a solid foundation and a belief in the models of consensus, mutual trust and respect as well as the spirit of dialogue and understanding in problem solving and as a that way of life. Despite this, it mainly formed out of the common fear of communism and its domino effects. More decisive and comprehensive measures are crucial to narrow the gap in economic aspects and also broaden the basis for intra-ASEAN trade to further boost growth and development, considered crucial to raising living standards in the region. With fragmented and diverse governance models, the mission to improve the foundations of democratic institutions and framework will face challenges and test ASEAN’s ultimate model of non-infringement and centrality in state affairs. .

A general program of common benefits by adhering to the common principles of peace, harmony, mutual respect and the establishment of more transparency and understanding to reduce misconceptions and misperceptions have all been the common goal, although with a different program. The growing roles of non-state actors and other stakeholders remain critical in bridging the gap between the official status quo of government duties and policy-making apparatus and the reality on the ground.

Greater participation from a greater number of involved parties is crucial to creating more dynamic socio-cultural and economic aspects of improvement in the region. The increased emphasis on the Track II and III platforms in strengthening mutual partnerships and dialogues in problem solving and conflict management will open a wider path to better interaction and people-to-people connections in the future. .

It is a matter of sustainability and survival for ASEAN to carve out a bold new set of programs and transformations to achieve its focused visions and chart a new course forward to further revitalize ASEAN’s internal integration. It remains imperative to best present itself as the main engine of growth and stability in the current volatility of the global economic and political system, while expanding its scope and radar to a much more rewarding and mutually beneficial global reach. ASEAN should be used and seen by all member states as the right platform to assume their hopes of advancing common causes of mutual benefit as well as forging shared common interests, concerns and fears by enabling more in-depth measures and policies to be mapped.

ASEAN is seen as the crucial balancing role and pathway in escalating geopolitical and geostrategic tensions with growing responsibilities and burdens in the context of new regional and global realities.

In defining the future direction of ASEAN and seeing the urgent need to find the cohesive unifying factor, the internal mechanisms to deal with the volatility of global uncertainties and the prevailing national interests and mutual distrusts must be recognized and worked. The vision of the ASEAN community, although consisting of visionary values ​​and goals of solidarity and regional integration, faces a difficult and dangerous path with many structural and deep-seated thorny issues and divisions that remain. to solve. The three pillars of strength to be achieved, the political, economic and socio-cultural aspects have their own challenges to overcome.

Openness, cultivation of shared interests and harmony, transparency, greater interdependence and increased trust are some of the key strategies that need to be implemented to chart the way forward for the ASEAN and further strengthen solidarity among policy makers and states.

For ASEAN to continue to be relevant, the internal consolidation of strengthening the ASEAN spirit must be seen as a continuous effort and for this to happen, the level of interdependence between member states must be further strengthened and preserved in order to reduce tension, conflict and rivalry. Intra-regional trade should be boosted in order to promote an equitable sharing of mutual interests and benefits and further instil a sense of interdependence and cooperation. Intensified support and the right methodologies must be applied to reduce the disparity in socio-economic performance among member states so that they can progress effectively and further increase economic activities and growth in the region.

While the harmonization and integration of national interests of member states into the sphere of interests of ASEAN as a whole seems self-evident, the process of pooling sovereignty and interests is the crucial way forward. for ASEAN to survive in the wake of growing bipolarity and the external tug and struggle for power.

By instilling a deeper sense of the mutual and collective importance of ASEAN, it must inspire and inspire member states to engage and reduce layoffs and fears of backlash from outside powers on which they have depended for decades. Cooperation in the field of low politics, including sports, education, environmental protection and awareness and other areas of easier collaborative exchanges, will create ripple effects by further integrating the collective understanding and efforts towards regional trust, confidence and understanding. Thereafter, values-based approaches and platforms will be made accessible and easier for an inclusive method of providing the means and incentives for the ASEAN community in all member states to play a greater role in the regional progress.

Although government-to-government relations have been encouraging, further steps are crucial to improve people-to-people relations to increase the sense of ASEAN spirit and solidarity among the people. Greater attention should be given to strengthening Track II diplomacy by building understanding, tolerance, acceptance and awareness among non-governmental entities and parties. The benefits of integration and cooperation in high policy areas will be beneficial with a greater sense of integration, transparency, cohesion and better economic ties and trade openness that will boost economic growth.

It would certainly take more than mere political will and commitment from Member States to weigh the cost-benefit calculations and to balance the pivot of potential returns and the backlash of the measures initiated. ASEAN is indeed at a vital crossroads and in the midst of a major transition to a new role in the region and beyond, a reality made more vital and dire in the face of heightened intensity of geopolitical competition and major powers.

A highly integrated and interdependent organization with bold new visions and strong commitment could be the ideal outcome for all, but will be elusive until structural and systemic challenges are resolved. With increased focus and effort to promote collective trust and interdependence and reduce the grip and influence of outside powers, greater openings can be initiated. Promoting confidence-building measures in the fight against mistrust, mistrust and mutual suspicion and creating more mutually beneficial policies will help ease the path towards more shared responsibilities.

The future of ASEAN rests on the wisdom and foresight of current and future policy makers to continue the momentum towards modernity, change and relevance by charting the way forward with new ideas based on new realities, taking into account insights from the past without compromising the core values, pillars and visions that matter to ASEAN. It is high time for stakeholders and the masses to rise up to transform ASEAN and ensure that its role and relevance will continue to be at the center of peacemaking and conflict prevention. To further elevate the pillar of peace and stability, and the continued preservation of regional resilience, ASEAN needs new directions and mechanisms that will only be made possible from a bold new perspective and of admitting its current weaknesses and barriers.

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