KABUL (Pajhwok): Afghanistan has obtained $ 1.5 billion in loans from varied worldwide organizations over the previous 17 years. Through the interval, the nation solely repaid $ 300 million.
Impartial economists warn that the nation, the place the financial state of affairs stays fragile, could possibly be declared bankrupt if it fails to repay its money owed on time.
The figures of the Ministry of Finance, obtained by Pajhwok Afghan Information, present that Afghanistan requested $ 2.7 billion in loans from the World Financial institution, Islamic Improvement Financial institution, Saudi Fund, Asian Improvement Financial institution (ADB), Fund Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF), Bulgaria, Italy, Kuwait Fund and OPEC Fund.
Of the $ 2.7 billion, Afghanistan obtained $ 1.8 billion, of which almost $ 201,750,000 was canceled by donors.
From 2003 to 2020, the loans had been obtained at rates of interest of 0.50, 0.75 and 1.50% from the stated our bodies and the reimbursement interval was between 20 and 40 years.
Since receiving the mortgage, Afghanistan has repaid $ 256,289,000 in curiosity. The biggest mortgage (over $ 702,460,000) was obtained from the Asian Improvement Financial institution and the smallest (over $ 4.5 million) from the Islamic Improvement Financial institution.
In line with the doc, the federal government requested these loans for tasks, reminiscent of the development of the Doshi-Pul-i-Khumri and Andkhoi-Aqina roads, in addition to the primary and second phases of the Kabul ring highway and a few sections of the freeway. Kabul-Kandahar.
Development of the Armik-Sabzak-Qala Naw highway, first section of the Kabul ring highway, first section of an area airport, Andkhoi-Qaisar highway, growth of Herat airport, building of the Herat-Chist-i-Sharif highway highway and the second section of the Herat railway line and the second section of the Khawaf-Herat line had been among the many tasks.
The loans had been additionally meant to cowl transport tasks, emergency transfers, job creation packages, enterprise and funding facilitation, emergency energy rehabilitation tasks, water provide and building. building of faculties.
The Improvement Financial institution of Afghanistan (AfDB) had pledged $ 747,727,000 for multidimensional post-conflict packages, together with the Asian growth program in agriculture, funding assure amenities in Afghanistan, and reconstruction of the primary section of the regional airport, the Andkhoy-Qaisar highway, common reforms and monetary administration, water administration within the west zone, north-south freeway and energy provide.
Of this quantity, the ADB supplied $ 702,460,000 to Afghanistan and canceled $ 45,267,000.
World Financial institution:
The World Financial institution has pledged $ 443 million in emergency transport sector sections, reconstruction tasks, nationwide emergency job creation tasks and entry to distant areas, communications growth emergency, the modernization of the customs emergency and commerce facilitation, the implementation of an emergency electrical energy manufacturing venture, assist for the infrastructure program, the reconstruction venture of the town of Kabul and assure of funding in Afghanistan.
Of the pledged fund, the World Financial institution supplied Afghanistan with $ 434,470,000 and canceled greater than $ 8,615,000.
The Saudi Fund has pledged $ 218,700,000 to Afghanistan for the development of the Kabul-Kandahar highway, the Armalik-Sabzak-Qala-i-Naw highway, the primary section of the Kabul ring highway and the development of faculties.
From the pledged mortgage, the Saudi Fund supplied Afghanistan with almost $ 106,650,000. An quantity of $ 107,134,000 stays unpaid and $ 4,900,000 has been worn out.
Islamic Improvement Financial institution:
IDB pledged greater than $ 140,600,000 for the development of Doshi-i-Pul-i-Khumri and Aqina = Andkhoid roads, an electrical energy venture, irrigation and water sources administration and the Kabul ring highway .
To this point, the IDB has supplied over $ 59,470,000 to Afghanistan, with $ 76,590,000 excellent and $ 4,540,000 scrapped.
Worldwide Financial Fund:
The Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) has pledged greater than $ 845,193,000 for poverty discount, growth of the credit score facility program, fast aid and in depth aid.
Of this quantity, the IMF supplied greater than $ 492,768,000 to Afghanistan, however canceled $ 95,976,000.
Afghanistan obtained the remaining loans from Bulgaria, Italy, the Quid Fund and the OPEC Fund.
Economists say borrowing from worldwide establishments for agricultural growth, water management, power provide, mining and different packages will not be an issue, however the authorities ought to have packages to repay the borrowed cash.
SaifuddinSaihoon, who teaches economics at Kabul College, advised Pajhwok that it was commendable that Afghanistan had borrowed from respected worldwide sources for agricultural growth, water administration, l energy provide, mining and different related tasks.
He added that the Afghan authorities ought to have a complete and systematic program to repay loans on time.
He known as borrowing an financial precept and stated that no nation can perform with out borrowing.
He stated getting loans from a reputable, low-margin worldwide basis was not an issue and must be used for public profit.
He added that borrowing was not an issue, however the principle drawback was mismanagement and lack of sources.
Referring to the issues of utilizing international assist in Afghanistan, he stated that sadly the help of the worldwide group was not used for the implementation of infrastructure tasks.
Saihoon stated many of the funds assisted had been spent on assist coordination and administration, international journey, and water useful resource administration.
He stated a part of the help, meant for the supply of kit, had been repatriated as a result of the gear was too costly to purchase and transport overseas.
In line with financial analysts, the worldwide group has supplied $ 150 billion in grants to Afghanistan over the previous 20 years.
Analysis by the World Financial institution and impartial foundations reveals that 80% of all worldwide assist to Afghanistan has returned to the donor nation.
“Afghanistan has been very irresponsible in organizing tasks and spending assist from the worldwide group,” he stated.
He known as on the Afghan authorities to speculate extra in infrastructure growth tasks and have a scientific accounting system to fulfill worldwide and home observers.
On the similar time, Qais Mohammadi, a lecturer at a personal college in Kabul and a political analyst, stated that securing loans for infrastructure tasks that generate earnings sooner or later is a necessity.
He stated it was vital to spend cash on a selected venture to attain desired targets.
Mohammadi stated the finance ministry ought to arrange a mortgage reimbursement mechanism, including that the loans must be taken for tasks that had been helpful with a purpose to repay them sooner or later.
In line with him, if the venture doesn’t generate earnings, the federal government ought to deposit a sure amount of cash within the annual price range to put money into banks to repay loans.
He pressured that Afghanistan needed to repay its loans on time, in any other case it could be positioned on the listing of poor nations. “This can be a essential and harmful subject as a result of if Afghanistan is included on this listing, no nation or worldwide group can be keen to lend.” he added.
He known as the present state of affairs in Afghanistan to borrow cash inappropriate, saying: “Economically, Afghanistan has the potential to generate sufficient home earnings. Not solely does it not must borrow cash, however the authorities may also simply repay previous loans and make a distinction in individuals’s lives.
He stated there can be no must borrow if peace got here, because the one central authorities may generate earnings by way of business, mining, exports and thru different areas.
He pressured the necessity for peace within the nation, saying that if the struggle continued and peace was not gained, Afghanistan wouldn’t be capable to repay the loans it had obtained and couldn’t cease borrowing.
Referring to worldwide assist, he stated that the worldwide group supplied massive sums of cash to Afghanistan, however resulting from mismanagement most of it was transferred to america and in Europe by way of safety, building and different firms.
“Afghanistan would not be the place it’s now if the cash wasn’t disbursed,” he stated, including that lack of administration did not imply loans could not be obtained.
Farid Nawkht, chief info officer on the finance ministry, advised Pajhwok he had borrowed $ 1.5 billion along with grants from the worldwide group over the previous twenty years, with a purpose to implement tasks keys that had been badly wanted.
Concerning debt reimbursement, he stated there was a scientific plan to repay the debt in order that Afghanistan was not included within the chapter listing.
With out giving additional particulars, he stated that the Afghan authorities envisioned a sure amount of cash for debt reimbursement annually within the twenty third Code, which offers with debt reimbursement.
Responding to considerations raised by economists that loans weren’t taken out to implement worthwhile tasks, he stated a certain quantity of debt was additionally depending on the earlier authorities and he couldn’t remark. on this topic.
He stated loans had been taken out for tasks which had been a precedence for the nation and the federal government and which couldn’t be funded by donors and the nation’s inside revenues.
He stated that for the implementation of such tasks, the federal government was compelled to take out a mortgage.
He described mortgage reimbursement as straightforward, including that some loans had no rate of interest whereas others had low rates of interest.
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